As a property owner in Washington, understanding the statewide tenancy laws is critical. Not only will they help you avoid misunderstandings and conflicts with your tenant, but they may also help you avoid potential lawsuits.
In the state of Washington, the Residential Landlord-Tenant Act contains all these laws.
Whether you're a landlord looking to acquaint yourself with the landlord-tenant laws or a prospective tenant seeking to understand your basic rights , you've landed on the right place.
Landlords and tenants alike should know about Washington's landlord-tenant law. So, keep on reading!
Required Landlord Disclosures
Under the state's law, there are certain disclosures that Washington State landlords must discuss with their tenants prior to them signing the lease.
Here are a pieces of information that a landlord must give to their tenants:
- Mold: Landlords are required to supply their tenants with important information regarding health hazards linked to mold exposure and what they can do to control it.
- Lead Paint: For buildings built prior to 1978, landlords are required to place a "Lead Warning Statement" in their lease.
- Agents: If the landlord is not managing the dwelling unit themselves, then the person receiving the payment of rent is automatically assumed to be the agent.
- Ownership: Washington tenants have a right to know who their landlord is. The landlord can give this information by posting it in a conspicuous place or by mentioning it in the rental agreement.
Washington State Renters Rights & Responsibilities
In Washington, tenants have a right to:
- Live in a unit that meets the state's basic habitability codes.
- Be notified when the landlord is looking to enter their premises for tasks, such as repairs, inspections or showings of the home.
- Be notified when the landlord is looking to make any changes to the terms of the rental agreement.
- Be taken through the right eviction process when the landlord is seeking to have them evicted.
- Have repairs done within a reasonable timeframe.
As for duties, tenants in Washington are responsible for:
- Providing the landlord with a written notice prior to moving out.
- Abiding by all terms of the tenancy.
- Notifying the landlord whenever maintenance issues arise.
- Ensuring the unit is always clean and sanitary.
- Notifying the landlord when looking to go away for an extended period of time.
- Ensuring they pay rent on time every month without fail when rent is due.
If any of their rights are infringed upon, a tenant may have legal justification to break their lease agreement early.
Landlord Rights & Responsibilities
As for landlords, Washington landlords must:
- Be notified when a tenant is looking to leave for an extended period of time.
- Enter the premises to conduct requested or needed maintenance projects.
- Receive a written notice when a tenant is looking to move out.
- Be notified when a tenant is looking to make any changes to the lease or rental agreement.
As for duties, Washington landlords must:
- Abide by all terms of the lease agreement.
- Repair any property damages as soon as possible.
- Comply with all codes that apply to the rental.
- Notify the tenant when looking to enter their home, unless there's an emergency.
- Maintain the unit's peace and quiet.
Overview of Washington State Tenancy Laws
Washington Fair Housing Laws
The Washington Fair Housing Law avoids housing discrimination by protecting tenants based on the state's protected classes. The classes include race, familial status, national origin, color, religion/creed, sex/gender identity, marital status, and veteran/military status.
It is illegal for a landlord to:
- Refuse to rent their home to a tenant or lie about its availability based on a protected class.
- Market the unit in a way that indicates favoritism towards a certain class of tenant.
- Fail to make reasonable changes to accommodate people with disability.
- Include a lease term that violates a protected class. For instance, prohibiting service animals because of a "no pets" policy.
Washington State Security Deposit Limit and Return
Most, if not all, landlords in Washington require a security deposit from their tenant. A security deposit is money that the property owner can collect, but it is separate from the rent. Its chief purpose is to help landlords cushion themselves against financial ruin such as excessive property damage. For instance, if a tenant causes damage, a landlord may keep all, or a part, of their security deposit to pay for the repairs.
For more information and an overview of the state law regarding security deposits, please click here.
Washington Small Claims Court
These courts allow for quick, inexpensive, informal and uncomplicated legal processes. For example, unlike other courts, a dispute in this type of court usually takes about half an hour to be resolved.
In Washington, the maximum a person can sue for is capped at $5,000.
Tenants in Washington have a right to privacy. This means that a landlord or their agent cannot barge in on them as they like. To access the unit, a landlord must give the tenant a 48 hours' written notice.
Here are some of the common reasons a landlord may enter the premise:
- They have sufficient reason to believe that the tenant has abandoned the premises
- The court directs it
- The tenant seriously violates the terms of the lease
- To check for lease violations
- To make needed or required repairs
- When conducting inspections
- To provide essential services
It also goes without saying that the time of entry must also be reasonable. For instance, between 8AM and 5PM on weekdays and between 9AM and 3PM on weekends are reasonable hours.
Renters Rights to Withhold Rent
Tenants in Washington have a right to withhold rent if the landlord fails to take care of essential repairs. The problem must meet two fundamental criteria:
- It must violate the implied warranty of habitability.
- The issue must fall under the landlord's list of duties.
In this case, a landlord can't evict their tenant for unpaid rent.
We hope this post served helpful for you. This information is important for landlords and tenants! For more information about the Residential Landlord-Tenant Act, contact Windermere Property Management.
Disclaimer: This blog should not be used as a substitute for legal advice. Please contact a licensed attorney in your state for legal advice. A state law can frequently change, and the information in this post might not be updated at the time of your reading. Please contact us for any questions you have in regards to this content or for any other information regarding law in Washington.